Danish Gambit Refutation Essay
The number of opening analysis sites on the web is growing daily. While many offer only scant coverage of opening lines, some offer the best and most current analysis available anywhere in print. Ultimately, you will want to buy a book or do library research to learn more about the lines that interest you most. But before you invest, why not explore?
The Kibitzer, by Tim Harding
Probably the first and best major opening articles on the web were Harding's "Kibitzer" columns, archived at Chess Cafe and at his own Chess Mail site. The Kibitzer is great for when you have time to print out an article and play over the games with a board, and Harding has covered a wide range of interesting openings over the years with sharp analysis supported by excellent research.
Opening Lanes by Gary Lane
Lane's excellent monthly column at Chess Cafe features answers to reader's questions about opening theory and much more. You can find an archive of articles at the Chess Cafe site.
The Gambit Cartel, By Tim McGrew
An excellent column for master players and below, featuring wild gambit openings (occasionally unsound). Worth reading every month. See the archive of articles at the Chess Cafe site.
Opening Theory Archive by Jeremy Silman
Some excellent articles on a number of opening topics, some in response to reader's questions and some as regular opening articles.
Bits & Pieces by Andrew Martin
A series of excellent articles that, I suppose, make up the bits and pieces of a repertoire. He also did several independent and equally excellent pieces at Chessville under the Bits & Pieces name as well as at the defunct InternetChess site.
Hard Chess, by Mark Morss
Focused on correspondence chess and openings, Moss's articles feature some of the deepest opening analysis on the web.
La Novedad Teórica del Día, by GM Juan Sebastián Morgado
Excellent games and analysis in Spanish, from the Ajedrez-de-Estilo website.
Chess Siberia, Openings Clubs by Boris Schipkov
Annotated games by opening, covering a wide range of theory.
Instructions by IM Guillermo Rey
An excellent series of articles from the now defunct Inside Chess website.
Chess Openings Handouts by the Exeter Chess Club
A superb collection of materials covering the openings for beginner to club players. See also their Alternate Contents Page organized by opening.
Opening Technical Articles from the Barnet Chess Club
An excellent set of articles, several cited below, including the Nimzo-Indian Rubinstein, the King's Indian Saemisch, Queen's Gambit Declined, Benko Gambit, Sveshnikov Sicilian, and others.
Openings for Amateurs by Pete Tamburro
Well-known for his Chess.fm lectures and his excellent forum, Pete Tamburro has been writing on the opening for some time as these articles on the Colle, Nimzo-Indian, BDG, Owen, and Max Lange attest.
French site featuring a wide range of opening articles of generally excellent quality. Check it out, or see the direct links below.
Aperturas at Hechiceros
This site may not load in Netscape, so try Internet Explorer instead. Lists a number of opening articles in Spanish.
A collection of comprehensive database trees of several gambit lines. Very useful materials (most cited below).
Scid Daily Opening Reports
Offers a useful utility and other materials. But the best things here, if you scroll down, are the opening reports and stats. Very useful (many cited below).
Gambit Corner by Bertrand Weegenaar at IECG
Some interesting articles and games, complete with PGNs.
Offers links to games and analysis featuring the classic gambits. Also organizes thematic tournaments on the web. Features an excellent links page.
The name says it all. You get some really crazy gambits here. No longer on the web, but some of the pages are in the archive.
FM David Levin Chess
See the Opening Analysis section of the site for excellent articles on specific lines in the KID and Alekhine's, among others.
Chess City Magazine (Openings)
Contains interesting games and analysis in offbeat and gambit lines. A bit of a clunky interface, but tons of good content if you look for it.
Unorthodox Openings by Eric Schiller
Brief analysis of a huge number of unusual lines (from the archives).
Kaissiber by Stefan Buecker
Features interesting analysis. In German.
Enciclopedia Dei Gambetti
A lost Italian site that has lots of older analysis of gambit lines.
Theory from Hellas Chess Club
A lost Greek site that had some useful theory on Open, Semi-open, and Closed lines.
Colaboradores by Alejandro Di Battista
Very well annotated recent games with reflection on the openings. In Spanish.
A Survey of the Openings
Part of the Chess Corner web site, offering a good introduction to the major openings for beginners. Some openings include sample games and book recommendations.
Dr. Donnelly's site serves as a collectioin point for correspondence players to publish their PGN files, many of which offer very useful commentary on the openings in question. Go through his archive and download away.
A pay site but with some free content in the "Guests" area. The site is not well designed for usability (especially considering it's a pay site) but it has excellent GM commentary.
Chess Megapage Openings
Some very good analysis of several important openings. I've discovered recently, though, that the site now requires a login, but I can't figure out how to register.
Some detailed analysis of gambit lines.
Chess Openings by Adam Bozon
Discusses some very unorthodox lines that might be worth a try in speed chess.
Ace Chess Openings by Nick Cummings
Geared toward the beginning club player, recommending gambit openings and the rather strange (if original) Gibbens Gambit 1.d4 Nf6 2.g4?!! Nxg4 3.e4 with space and initiative.
Chess Openings: The Diagrams by Edwin Schoen
Sudbury Chess Club
See their pages on openings, with java viewer.
This site offers to annotate your game with others from their database, which might be a useful way of studying the opening.
A collection of PGN files in various openings.
How to Improve Your Chess: Openings by Ignacio Marin
Some opinionated advice on choosing an opening repertoire. From the archive.
Repertoire Suggestions by IM Andrew Martin at Chess Publishing
This is a great set of recommendations for serious, busy, creative, or crazy players. Each recommendation comes with book suggestions and a PGN file to download.
Repertoire Suggestions by GM Nigel Davies at Chess Publishing
Though not as useful as Martin's suggestions, these recommendations at least are safer.
10 Rules for the Opening from the Exeter Chess Club
Cool Tips from the Exeter Chess Club
More tips on all parts of the game, including the opening.
Choosing an Opening Repertoire from the Exeter Chess Club
The Exeter Chess Club offers advice and ideas.
Playing to Win with Your Defense by Randy Bauer
Excellent advice on shaping your repertoire and preparing for tournament play.
The Opening from the Northgate Chess Club
A nice listing of the basic opening rules.
Opening Exploration Utility
A great online database from Chessgames.com, lets you explore the openings move by move.
Chess Strategy by Frank Marshall and J.C.H. Macbeth
An excerpt from Marshall's classic Chess Step by Step, with focus on the opening. The materials are out of copyright.
Bizarre Variations by Ignacio Marin
Discusses legitimate ways of reaching crazy positions from the opening.
How to Learn an Opening by S. Evan Kreider
An interesting text-based article of advice from Chessville.
An Opening Repertoire for Attacking Players
Of course, if you want to study openings you will eventually want to purchase some books just to save yourself time sorting through all of the lines on your own. But there is so much good opening information on the web that it is possible for club players to develop a pretty good opening repertoire simply by reading through the articles that interest them and supplementing with some games for closer study and analysis on their own. And for anybody looking to try a wild or gambit line at your next tournament or skittles game, the web offers more than enough information to get started. Below I offer a basic opening repertoire for the attacking player who doesn't mind sacrificing a pawn now and then. I have tried to be as complete as possible on the areas that interest me, but this is necessarily a rather selective repertoire. For advice on finding information on other openings that interest you, see my section on Searching the Web for Chess.
Alekhine's Defense (1.e4 Nf6)
Alekhine's Defense: Mokele Mbembe Variation by Bill Wall
Some games and analysis concerning 1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Ne4!?
Alekhine's Defense: The Retreat Variation by Bill Wall
Games and analysis concerning 1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Ng8?!
Alekhine's Game of the Week
A site devoted to Alekhine's Defense.
Analysis of the line 1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.Nc3 Nxc3 with PGN games appended. See also Sidelines in the Alekhine's Defense.
Tal-Eversole, National Open USA 1988 by Brian Wall
This game begins 1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.Nc3 Nxc3 4.bxc3 d5 5.Ba3 Bf5!? with additional games in the opening.
Opening Lanes #57 by Gary Lane
Discusses 1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 d6 4.Nf3 Nc6 5.Bb5!?
FM David Levin Chess features some interesting Alekhine analysis, including the main line Nf3, ....g5 in the Four Pawns Attack and a gambit line against 3.Nc3 e6 4.Nxd5 exd5 5.Qf3 with 5....Nc6.
Alekhine's Defense, Four Pawns Attack by Jeremy Silman
Discusses the idea of ....g5 in the Four Pawns.
Djurhuus-Agdestein, Stikkamp 2000
A wild Four Pawns attack, where Black sacs the exchange but gets play against White's King in the center.
Alekhine's Defense by Nick Merticas from the Hellas Chess Club
Useful theory on the Four Pawns Attack, but from 1996 (in the archives).
Alekhine's Defense from Chess Corner
Alekhine's Defense PGN from Pitt Archives
La Defensa Alekhine by Mario Valverde
At Hechiceros, with fully annotated PGN to download at the bottom of the page.
Neue Aufforderung zum Tanz Auf dem Vulkan by Stefan Bucker
Analyzes a line in the Alekhine's (commonly thought to be strong for White) as playable for Black.
Bishop's Opening / Urusov Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Bc4)
For links to the Bishop's Opening or Urusov Gambit, consult the appropriate links pages elsewhere in this site.
Le Gambit Boden-Kieseritzky from Mjae
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.Nf3!? Nxe4 4.Nc3
Belgrade Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nd5)
An interesting gambit line arising out of the supposedly boring Scotch Four Knights.
Belgrade Gambit and Other Knightmares
Bruce Monson's excellent coverage of this interesting gambit opening is no more (though you can get a sense of what it looked like from the Web Archive link above)!
Blackburne Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nd4?!)
Basically, this is an opening trap, and one which has gotten so much coverage on the internet that it would be hard to find someone to fall for it...
Blackburne Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nd4?!
Blackburne Shilling Gambit by Bill Wall
Blackburne's Shilling Gambit by Paul Valle
Some unusual analysis and history here that adds another dimension to this gambit idea. Scroll down the page to find it. From the archives.
Blackburne Gambit by Tim McGrew
A Gambit Cartel article showcasing a reader's games with the "gambit." He also had a follow-up article.
Jeremy Silman also has a note about the Blackburne.
Caro-Kann Defense (1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5)
The easiest way to attack the Caro-Kann is with the Advance Variation 3.e5. But the main lines with 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 also lead to some fun for White, especially if Black chooses the passive 4....Nd7. Gambiteers may also enjoy the idea of transposing to the Blackmar-Diemer Gambit with 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.f3!? Other attacking schemes arise from the exchange variation.
The Apocalypse Attack by Michael Goeller
Meeting the Caro with 1.e4 c6 2.Nf3 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.Ne5!?
B12: Caro-Kann Defense, Advance Variation Part One (Theory) and Part Two (Training) by Sasa Velickovic
A wonderful excerpt from the Informant series on this important line.
Shirov-Anand, Wijk aan Zee 2003, Advance Variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.Nc3.
Kasparov-Karpov, Linares 2001 annotated by Lubomir Ftacnik
A Kasparov innovation in the Nc3 Advanced.
Loc-Dikmen, Correspondence 2003 (Download ZIP PGN file), annotated by Loc
An interesting game to download direct from Mike Donnely's site, featuring the moves 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.Nc3 Qb6 5.Bd3!?
Caro-Kann Advance Variation by Craig Sadler
A useful table of games and moves.
Bits and Pieces Opening Forum by IM Andrew Martin
A very interesting analysis of the Advanced variation with 4.Ne2!? See also the Response follow-up.
Caro-Kann Advance Variation from Pitt
Tal-Botvinnik, WC Match 1961 annotated by Eric Schiller
Discusses Botvinnik's idea of meeting the advance variation with an immediate 3...c5!?
B17: Caro-Kann Defense. 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Ng5.
The Refutation of the 4....Nd7 Caro-Kann? by Andrew Martin
Analyzes the game Ganguly-Speelman, Gibraltar Masters 2004.
Anand-Bologan, Dortmund 2003 annotated by Anand
Features 4....Nd7 5.Ng5, annotated in Informator style (scroll down the page to find the game).
Anand-Bologan, Dortmund 2003 annotated by Boris Schipkov
Opening Lanes #66 by Gary Lane
Discusses the interesting idea 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Bg5!? with an obvious threat and, if Black spots it, a plan of rapid queenside castling.
Strictly for Amateurs: Crushing the Caro-Kann by Bobby Ang
Analyzes the interesting line 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4 h6 7.N1e2!? in a game lost by Miles as Black.
The Caro-Kan as Black
Covers the Bf5 line. Beware of annoying pop-up ads.
Reti-Tartakower, Vienna 1910
Starts 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nf6 5.Qd3!?
Le variante Spielmann de la Caro-Kann from Mjae
Analyzes the interesting idea of 2.Nc3 and 3.Qf3!?
Morozevich-Bologan, Sochi 2004 annotated by Boris Schipkov
A wonderful attacking game for White featuring the unusual system 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.f3!?
Caro-Gambit with f3 by Rajmund
Covers the 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.f3!? gambit, which seems an improved version of the Blackmar-Diemer Gambit.
Canning the Caro, The Milner Barry Gambit, Part One and Part Two by Tim Mcgrew
Covers the 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.f3!? gambit originated by British GM Milner-Barry.
Three Traps in the Caro-Kann by Georgi Orlov
Panov Attack: Fianchetto Variation by Eric Schiller
An Unusual Weapon Against the Caro-Kann by Andrew Martin
Actually, this is pretty much the usual stuff of repertoire books: the Panov-Botvinnik Attack with c5. See Part One, Part Two and Part Three.
Amendment Caro-Kann by Rajmund Emanuel
Covers 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.c3, which was used by Fischer and others.
Center Game (1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Qxd4)
Very few players as Black are prepared for the Center Game, since it is vastly underestimated by theory.
The Center Game Takes Center Stage by Tim Harding
Discusses the old-fashioned Center Game with 3.Qxd4 Nc6 4.Qe3.
Who Was Winawer? by Tim Harding
An excellent article that focuses on Winawer's numerous opening ideas. If you scroll down you will find the game Winawer-Steinitz, Nuremburg 1896 well annotated, featuring a pawn-sac in the Center Game by White.
McCrum-Roth, Ulster Ch. 1893 annotated by McCrum
A blast from the past featuring a Center Game success.
Levi-Zhao Zong Yuan, Australia 1999 annotated by John-Paul Wallace
Scroll down for this interesting Black victory in the Center Game.
A comprehensive analysis.
Opening Lanes #08 by Gary Lane
Discusses, among other things, playing the Center Game with 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Qxd4 Nc6 4.Qa4!?
Damiano Defense (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f6?!)
Yes, believe it or not, there are even some articles on this silly line. White can choose between the complicated 3.Nxe5! or the simple and good 3.Bc4. But why are you playing 2.Nf3 anyway when you can play 2.Bc4 in the first place? :-)
The Tactics of Mistake and Life on the Edge by Tim McGrew
About making the Damiano work for you after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f6?!
Extraordinary Accidents by IM Nikolay Minev
Discusses the game Schiffers-Chigorin, St. Petersburg 1897.
Danish Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.d4)
If you get serious about the Danish, you have to get the book Danish Dynamite.
Skandinavisches Gambit and Goering