Rural Development In Bangladesh Essays
DHAKA, BANGLADESH – The Asian Development Bank (ADB) today launched an essay competition for graduate and post-graduate students in Bangladesh.
The topic of the essay is “Transforming Bangladesh into a Developed Country by 2041: Role of ADB”. The competition forms part of ADB’s 50th anniversary celebrations.
“The competition aims to harness the views of the youth on how ADB can contribute better to the development efforts by the government and people of Bangladesh,” said Kazuhiko Higuchi, Country Director for ADB’s Bangladesh Resident Mission.
Participants are invited to submit an originally written essay in English within 1,000 - 1,200 word limit, excluding references. Students currently studying in graduate or post-graduate level at any educational institution in Bangladesh can participate in the competition, with each participant submitting only one entry.
The first prize for the competition is $500, while the second and third prize winners will get $300 and $200, respectively.
Entries must be sent to: [email protected] by 12 noon Bangladesh time, 10 November 2016. Entries received after the deadline will not be considered.
Entries will be evaluated by ADB. Relevance to the competition theme (ADB’s role in development of Bangladesh by 2041), analytical skills, visionary thinking, creativity, originality, and English skills are key factors in the selection process.
Bangladesh joined ADB in 1973. As of 31 December 2015, ADB’s cumulative lending to Bangladesh stood at $17.2 billion for 259 loans, while the technical assistance amounted to $244.55 million for 411 projects. A total of $787.10 million was provided for 35 grants. As of 30 September 2016, ADB’s projects under implementation for Bangladesh comprised 83 loans and grants amounting to $6.7 billion; and 28 technical assistance projects amounting at $26.2 million. ADB focuses its cooperation in Bangladesh on six sectors—energy; transport; water and other urban/municipal infrastructure and services; education; finance; and agriculture, natural resources, and rural development. In 2015, ADB approved loans, totaling $1,155 million, for Bangladesh.
ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, ADB in December 2016 will mark 50 years of development partnership in Asia. It is owned by 67 members—48 from the region. In 2015, ADB assistance totaled $27.2 billion, including cofinancing of $10.7 billion.
Rural Development: Community Participation and Case Studies
...RURAL DEVELOPMENT CHUPICAL SHOLLAH MANUEL The term ‘community participation’ has recently come to play a central role in the discourse of rural development practitioners and policy makers. At the same time, people’s interpretations of the term and criticisms of other people’s interpretations have multiplied, and the intentions and results of much participation in practice have been questioned or even denounced (Booth, 2005) and Cornwall, 2004). Community participation as a methodology has become a “buzzword” and at its base has become a cornerstone for every developmental project in developing countries. According to Fung (2002), participation is the active involvement of the community, particularly the disadvantaged groups such as women, children, elderly, disabled and the poorest of the poor, in the decision making, planning, implementation, and evaluation of their own development activities The concept of community participation however, has remained a contested terrain. This paper considers participation in development programmes and assesses its relevance both in theory and practice. A definition of development and community participation will give a clear insight of the applicability of the methodology. The essay also stresses the strengths and weaknesses of the approach with the aid of case studies from developing nations. The concept of community participation in development became the common currency of exchange in development discourse in the 1970s and......
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Rural Development Hinges on Effective Rural Planning
...TITLE Rural Planning and Development COURSE CODE DG 420 PROGRAMME Bachelor of Science Honours in Development Studies LECTURER Mrs. Chinyanganya ASSIGNMENT TITLE Rural development hinges on effective rural planning. Discuss. The development of rural areas requires a comprehensive and holistic approach which calls for a multi-sectoral effort and a wider pool of institutions. It incorporates socio economic, political and environmental processes which require effective rural planning. Rural planning is therefore an essential prerequisite for sustainable rural development. Rural planning is multidimensional as it includes comprehensive, spatial (physical planning), economic and financial (development planning), agricultural land use (land use planning) and natural resource management (water, environmental, national parks and forestry planning) (PlanAfric; 2000). However, effective rural planning faces a number of challenges which will be highlighted later in the text. Rural development is defined by AgriInfo (2011) as a process that aims at improving the standards of living of the people living in the rural areas. It is an integrated process which includes social economic, political and spiritual development of the poorest sections in society. Chambers (2005) defines rural development as a strategy to enable a specific group of people, poor rural women, men and......
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Agriculture and Rural Development
...RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION Zambia has a total surface area of 752,000 square kilometres of land mass fifty-eight percent of which is arable; currently only fourteen percent of the arable land is under cultivation. United Nations (2011:31) Zambia experiences three weather seasons. The warm rainy season; this is between November and April; the cool dry season, this is between May and July and the hot dry season, which is between August and October. There is only one raining season and the agriculture sector in the country is dependent on rain. Hence there is only one planting season in Zambia. Zambia has three (3) agro-ecological zones that are based on the physical and climatic conditions. Zone I accounts for about twelve percent of the country and has low altitude .It receives about 600-800mm rainfall annually. It comprises of subsistence farming of crops like sorghum and millet cultivated using mainly family labour using simple farm tools. Zone II covers forty-eight percent of the country. ‘Zone II receives about 800-1000mm rainfall annually. The farmers usually grow maize. This zone is most mechanised and consequently is the most commercialised in crop production. Crops mainly grown are cotton, wheat and soybeans. The country’s cash crops such as spices, flowers and fruits products are grown in this zone. Zone III makes up forty-two percent of the total land area. This has the......
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Rural Development Policy of Ethiopia with Particular Emphasis on: Market-Led Agricultural Development Strategy
... Rural Development policy of Ethiopia with particular emphasis on: Market-led agricultural development strategy A term paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course GaDS 503 Development Perspectives and Political theories. By: Nardos Legesse School of Governance and Development Studies College of Law and Governance (M.A Development Management) Hawassa University Hawassa January, 2013 List of contents Contents page 1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………………….…1 2. Working towards market led agricultural development……………………………………….2 2.1 Agricultural developments- key to poverty reduction………………………………...2 2.2 Agricultural development not driven by market forces can’t be rapid and sustainable.3 2.3 The role of markets in productivity of agricultural sector …………………………... 4 2.4 Building an agricultural marketing system…………………………………………....5 2.4.1 Grading agricultural product……………………………………………..….5 2.4.2 Provision of market......
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Small Scale Approach to Rural Development
...countries. The persistence of rural poverty has been a major cause of this problem. Ways to curb this problem have been one of the major tasks that development scholars have undertaken and this has given rise to conflicting development approaches or strategies and these approaches have led to raging debates as to which one offers the best approach to rural development, (Thurlown, 2006). In this regard, the essay aims at critically examining the large-scale and small-scale development approaches, and further give view of which is the best approach to rural and agriculture development. It will start by defining key terms; large-scale and small-scale approaches. Thereafter, it will critically examine each of these developmental approaches; and later state which between the two offers the best approach to rural and agriculture development. Later in, a conclusion will be drawn. The focus of this paper will be on Small scale farming as an answer to rural development. Large-scale development approach refers to large scale type of farming as a means to bring about development to rural areas. Large scale farming can therefore be defined as the production of crops and rearing of animals for sale intended for widespread distribution for consumption by others. The main objective of large scale development approach is achieving higher profits, (Sen, 1991). Small-scale development approach refers to the use of Small scale farming as means to bring about development in rural areas. Small......
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...Chapter: Development Studies Rural Development The economy of Bangladesh is based on agriculture. When the question of development arises in this society, the question of rural development comes automatically. It has been accorded the highest priority in our development strategy. It aims at qualitative change in the life pattern of our people. Definition of Rural Development: Rural development is the betterment in the totality of life for rural people. According to World Bank (2006), “Rural development is a strategy designed to improve the economic and social life of a specific group of people-the rural poor.” The Objectives of Rural Development: The objectives encompass improved productivity, increased employment and thus higher incomes and health. A national programme of rural development should include a mix of activities, including to projects to raise agricultural output, create new employment, improve health and education, expand communications and improve housing. Importance of Rural Development: For a country like Bangladesh, rural development is important. The reason behind this is that most of the people of the country are living in the villages. There is a direct link between the rural development and the development of our national economy. The rural sectors contribute about two-thirds of the GDP. We can achieve our cherished goal of financial development by the development of our villages which hold the key to our success. Specific Targets......
Words: 3566 - Pages: 15
Rural and Regional Development
...REGIONAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT Since the early 1990’s consecutive Australian governments have recognised the importance of regional development to relieve the effects of urban sprawl and to bridge the gap between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. In Australia, the role of regional development has traditionally been driven by both state and local governments. This said, the Commonwealth Government has consistently offered support and leadership in addressing regional challenges and promoting economic development. While Commonwealth intervention makes sense in terms of financial capacity, this intervention has often resulted in unnecessary and costly overlap and duplication between national, state and local governments. A national framework adequately funded, resourced and linked specifically to each local government would provide a more sensible approach to achieving long-term sustainable outcomes for regional communities. In 2008 the Commonwealth Government set up 55 Regional Development Australia (RDA) Committees to bring together national, state and local bodies and provide a united and consistent approach to regional Australia. This assignment will review the role and effectiveness of RDA Committees in addressing economic, environmental and social change in regional Australia and thereby question the effectiveness of government in the delivery of regional development. In doing so, the assignment highlights the importance of local programs (based on......
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Financing Strategies for Rural Development
...Community Development Leadership Course Title: Global Poverty and Economic Development Term Paper Research Proposal Topic FINDING AN APPROPRIATE MIX OF FUNDING STRATEGIES FOR DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES TO PROMOTE POVERTY REDUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA PRESENTED TO: Professor Chung – Sik Yoo PRESENTED BY: Samuel Danaa DATE: September 23, 2014 1.0 Introduction: Ghana was the first country in Sub-Saharan Africa to attain independence and the post-independence economy appeared stable and prosperous raising the development hopes of its citizens. This was a period of real hope and expectations. After over fifty years its actual development is far below the development potential it holds and various propositions have been offered as to the way forward. Nearly more than half of Ghana’s population live in rural areas under what, by modern standards may be characterized as harsh and subnormal conditions. Every Ghanaian government since independence has been committed to improving the quality of life in the rural areas; however, they have been overwhelmed by economic conditions most of which they have been unable to control. Examining the achievements agencies tasked with responsibility, it is quite apparent that their successes in combating the development problem in rural areas are dismal. Having come to grips with the failures of past development......
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Imact Ofrural and Community Banking on Rural Development
...Chapters 1.1 Background of the Study The Rural Banking concept was introduced in the mid-1970s. The motives were to mobilize savings from the rural areas and in turn make institutional credit available to the Rural Economy. The need for improved financial intermediation in the rural economy became paramount because of the non-availability of formal institutions and the fact that most rural dwellers are engaged in agriculture. Agriculture is the mainstay of the Ghanaian economy and until recently the largest contributor to GDP. (Yahiya, research Dept. of BOG, 2013) Despite the potential resources existing in the rural areas, farmers and small entrepreneurs lack the required institutional credit to play the expected meaningful role in the Economy. The peasant farmer had to rely on informal operators such as Mobile Bankers locally known as Susu Collectors, and self-help groups and money lenders for his credit needs. These creditors charge exorbitant interest rates which, in most cases, aggravates the poverty state of the borrowers. The bank of Ghana, in a bid to take care of the credit and other financial needs of the rural people, therefore encouraged Commercial Banks to expand their rural networks. The Agricultural Development Bank, for example, which was originally a unit of the Bank of Ghana, was established in 1965 with the aim of reaching the small-scale farmer(s).These Banks were however unable to satisfy the financial needs of the rural folks and farmers,......
Words: 15274 - Pages: 62
...PARLIAMENT OF ZIMBABWE FIRST SESSION - SIXTH PARLIAMENT FOURTH REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON LANDS, LAND REFORM, AGRICULTURE, RESETTLEMENT AND WATER DEVELOPMENT ON THE VIABILITY OF THE SUGAR INDUSTRY Presented to Parliament on 6 June 2006 [S.C 15, 2006] ORDERED IN TERMS OF STANDING ORDER No. 151: 1) At the commencement of every session, there shall be as many select committees to be designated according to government portfolios to examine expenditure, administration and policy of government departments and other matters falling under their jurisdictions as the House may by resolution determine and whose members shall be nominated by the Standing Rules and Orders Committee. Such nominations shall take into account the expressed interests, experience or expertise of the members and the political and gender composition of the House. TERMS OF REFERENCE OF PORTFOLIO COMMITTEES S.O 152 Subject to these Standing Orders a Portfolio Committee shall: a) Consider and deal with all Bills and Statutory Instruments which are referred to it by or under resolution of me House or by the Speaker, consider or deal with an appropriation or money bill referred to it by these Standing Orders or by or under resolution of this House; and b) Monitor, investigate, enquire into and make recommendations relating to any aspect of the legislative programme, budget, rationalization, policy formulation or any other matter it...
Words: 8509 - Pages: 35
Rural Development in Homestay Gemas
...Table of Contents Table of Figure 1 Acknowledgement 2 1.0 Background of HomestayGemas 3 2.0 Issues in Homestay Gemas 4 2.1 Environmental issues/impacts 4 2.1.1 The concept of carrying capacity and limits of acceptable change 4 2.1.2 Design and construction of physical facilities 4 2.1.3 Sustainable and environmental responsibility 4 2.2 Socio-cultural issues/impacts 4 2.2.1 Manpower training 4 2.3 Economic issues/impacts 4 2.3.1 Self-financing mechanisms 4 2.3.2 Marketing and promotional strategies 5 2.4 Others 5 2.4.1 Inter-sectoral participation 5 2.4.2 Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms in sustainability 5 2.4.3 Specific legal modifications 5 3.0 Conclusion 8 References 8 Bibliography 8 Appendices 8 Table of Figure Figure 1 Gemas Map 1.0 Background of Homestay Gemas Gemas is a small town in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, near the Negeri Sembilan-Johor border and about 50 km south of Kuala Lumpur. Gemas is divided to Gemas Lama and Gemas Baru. Gemas Lama is located in Johor and Gemas Baru is located in Negeri Sembilan. Gemas is the entryway from the south through railway. Since the existence of the Gemas railway station 1922, it is very well known as the ‘railway junction’. The station is a major landmark to many who wants to visit the place. Gemas, consisting of four villages – Kampung Ladang, Kampung Ulu Ladang, Kampung Bangkahulu and Kampung Londah, has 26 houses in total that are involved in the homestay......
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Rural Development and Co-Operatives Division Bangladesh
...51 Rural Development and Co-operatives Division 1.0 Introduction 1.1 About 70% people of Bangladesh live in rural areas. Without the development of this segment of the population the overall development of the country is not possible. In a developing economy like Bangladesh, for formulating policies for eradication of poverty it is very important to ensure equality between man and woman. Rural Development and Co-operatives Division is working intensively to eliminate poverty and to foster inclusive growth. This Division is also working to empower women economically and socially through women’s education, increasing funds, providing micro-credits and providing employment to women in business. Thus, women’s participation in economic growth is increasing every year and this is a prerequisite for sustainable development 1.2 Co-operatives are worldwide popular tools for poverty alleviation. To improve the status of poor people living in the rural areas, the Government of Bangladesh had setup the Rural Development and Cooperatives Division (RDCD) under the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives. RDCD expands rural development through related applied research with multi-purpose actions with poverty alleviation at the core. RDCD also provides opportunities for self-employment of rural people and human resource development. Poverty alleviation is one of the top priorities for the government and women’s development is a n......
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Rural Tourism Development for the Prefecture of Lassithi in Crete
...Kostas E. Sillignakis – www.sillignakis.com SAMPLE OF RESEARCH PROPOSAL: “Rural Tourism Development for the Prefecture of Lassithi in Crete.” 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO PROBLEM STATEMENT AND PURPOSE OF STUDY Over the last two decades or so, the whole world has experienced rapid changes and socioeconomic transformations. The socioeconomic changes affected and caused severe stress mainly to isolated, peripheral and rural areas of the world. However, the changes in economic and social culture structure of the world caused decreased farm revenues, changing in the farmland values and high rates of unemployment, leading to mass exodus of the productive forces and lack of balance in the demographics of rural areas (Gannon, 1993). It is obvious from the above that the need of rural areas for socioeconomic development and regeneration along with the need for diversification of their economic base so as to meet the changes is today greater than ever. In that sense, tuned to be a promising industry and one of the main sectors that national and local governments support and promote as a vehicle for revitalization of the rural areas. The development of rural tourism was followed by the changes on tourist’s demands and behavior. Tourism in rural areas offers the potentials for alternative, individual and more authentic tourism experiences satisfying the needs of the experienced and highly demanded “new” tourists. In addition there is a demand for tourism and recreation activities in......
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E-Governance for Rural Development
...E-Governance for Rural Development Swati Bhatt Sr. Lecturer (Marketing Area), Dept of Management Studies India is a land of diversity. This diversity spans across culture, tradition, language, geography and the economic condition of the people. It is a nation that has a significant number of people who are below the minimal socio-economic benchmarks. This includes rural and urban poor, women in rural areas, street children, people belonging to historically disadvantaged castes and people living in less developed areas. The vulnerability of these sections of society has increased with globalization and this section is prone to become even more marginalized - economically and socially. Successive governments have committed themselves to addressing these divides, but effective implementation of various economic development programmes aimed at individuals belonging to these sections of society has proved an elusive goal. During the 1980s and early 1990s, initial attempts towards e-Governance were made with a focus on networking government departments and developing in-house government applications in the areas of defence, economic monitoring, planning and the deployment of IT to manage data-intensive functions related to elections, census, tax administration etc.80 These applications focused on automation of internal government functions rather than on improving service delivery to citizens. Over the past decade or so, there have been islands of e-Governance......
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...the question of development arises in this society, the question of rural development comes automatically. It has been accorded the highest priority in our development strategy. It aims at qualitative change in the life pattern of our people. Definition of Rural Development: Rural development is the betterment in the totality of life for rural people. According to World Bank (2006), “Rural development is a strategy designed to improve the economic and social life of a specific group of people-the rural poor.” The Objectives of Rural Development: The objectives encompass improved productivity, increased employment and thus higher incomes and health. A national programme of rural development should include a mix of activities, including to projects to raise agricultural output, create new employment, improve health and education, expand communications and improve housing. Importance of Rural Development: For a country like Bangladesh, rural development is important. The reason behind this is that most of the people of the country are living in the villages. There is a direct link between the rural development and the development of our national economy. The rural sectors contribute about two-thirds of the GDP. We can achieve our cherished goal of financial development by the development of our villages which hold the key to our success. Specific Targets of Rural Development: Specific targets of rural development in today's Bangladesh include the rural poor,......
Words: 272 - Pages: 2